2Q 2020

Market Data: Energy Storage Pricing Trends

Advanced Energy Storage System and Battery System Component Costs and Trends for Grid Storage and Transportation: Global Analysis

Declining prices for energy storage technologies continue to be the biggest driver of growth for both the EV and stationary grid energy storage markets. Although supply shortages in 2018 and 2019 temporarily limited price reductions as demand outpaced supply, the industry is seeing aggressive declines in Lithium ion (Li-ion) battery prices. These declining prices are opening new markets and profitable applications for grid storage to compete with conventional fossil fuel generation technologies. Simultaneously, the falling price of batteries allows lower price EVs with longer driving ranges to compete directly with gasoline and diesel vehicles.

The primary factor driving continued price declines for Li-ion batteries is the rapidly growing capacity of global battery manufacturing. Other advanced battery technologies and electromechanical energy storage system (ESS) technologies are gaining traction for grid storage due to their operating characteristics and better safety profiles. On the EV side, Li-ion batteries face little to no competition.

This Guidehouse Insights report examines the pricing trends and issues driving growth for energy storage technologies. The report provides system and component price forecasts for four markets: residential energy storage, commercial and industrial (C&I) energy storage, utility-scale energy storage, and EV batteries (EVBs). To show the range of pricing in the market, base, high, and low cases are provided for each segment. The grid storage market forecasts include component-level pricing for average-size residential and C&I ESSs. Detailed forecasts for utility-scale projects based on duration are also included, with a 20 MW project modelled with 10 MWh, 20 MWh, and 80 MWh capacity.

Pages 38
Tables | Charts | Figures 39
  • What are current average market prices for new grid storage projects by technology?
  • What are projected future average market prices for new grid storage projects by technology?
  • How does the discharge duration of a Lithium ion (Li-ion) energy storage project affect price?
  • What is the breakdown of Li-ion energy storage project price by the components of a project?
  • What are the current and future prices of Li-ion battery cells?
  • What are the current and future prices of Li-ion battery packs for EVs?
  • What is the breakdown of EV battery price by the components of a battery pack?
  • EV manufacturers
  • Energy storage systems integrators and renewable energy project developers
  • Independent Power Producers
  • Battery OEMs
  • Utilities
  • Engineering, procurement, and construction firms
  • Electrical grid equipment suppliers
  • Investor community

1. Executive Summary

1.1   Market Update

1.2   Market Forecasts

2. Market Overview

2.1   Introduction to Energy Storage Technologies

2.1.1   Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

2.1.2   Compressed Air Energy Storage

2.1.3   Flow Batteries

2.1.4   Flywheels

2.1.5   Li-Ion Batteries

2.1.6   Sodium-Based Batteries

2.1.7   Power-to-Gas

2.1.8   Pumped Hydro Storage

2.1.9   Ultracapacitors

2.2   Energy Storage Market Segments

2.2.1   Grid Storage

2.2.1.1   Cost Components of Grid Storage Projects

2.2.1.2   Cost Components of Distributed Energy Storage Projects

2.2.2   EV Batteries

2.2.2.1   Cost Components of EV Batteries

2.3   Energy Storage Market Trends

2.3.1   Manufacturing Growth

2.3.2   Grid Storage Market Trends

2.3.3   EVB Market Trends

3. Market Forecasts

3.1   Methodology and Forecast Assumptions

3.2   Li-Ion Cell Prices

3.3   Grid Storage Project Technology Comparisons

3.4   Grid Storage Project Pricing by Component

3.4.1   Residential

3.4.2   C&I

3.4.3   Utility Scale

3.5   EVB Packs

3.6   Conclusions and Recommendations

4. Acronym and Abbreviation List

5. Table of Contents

6. Table of Charts and Figures

7. Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, Total Installed Cost, 20 MW System by Duration, Global Averages, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • Large Format Li-Ion Battery Cell Pricing Forecast, Base/High/Low Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Energy Storage CAPEX Assumptions by Technology for Power Services, Average Installed Costs, World Markets: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Energy Storage CAPEX Assumptions by Technology for Energy Services, Average Installed Costs, World Markets: 2020-2029
  • Residential Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 5 kW/12 kWh System, US, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • C&I Building Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 250 kW/500 kWh System, US, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing by Component, 20 MW/10 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing by Component, 20 MW/20 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing by Component, 20 MW/80 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Light Duty BEV Li-Ion Battery System Pricing by Component, 60 kWh, Global Averages, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • Notable Large Scale Li-Ion Battery Manufacturing Facilities
  • Advanced Battery Performance Comparison
  • Annual Battery Energy Storage Energy Capacity Additions by Market Segment, Global Markets: 2020-2029
  • Annual Battery Energy Storage Project Deployment Revenue by Market Segment, Global Markets: 2020-2029
  • Total New Annual EV Battery Energy Capacity by Region: 2020-2029
  • Total New Annual EV Battery Revenue by Region: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale ESS CAPEX Assumptions by Technology, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Large Format Li-Ion Battery Cell Pricing Forecast, Base/High/Low Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Residential Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 5 kW/12 kWh System, US, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • Residential Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 5 kW/12 kWh System, US, High Case: 2020-2029
  • Residential Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 5 kW/12 kWh System, US, Low Case: 2020-2029
  • C&I Building Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 250 kW/500 kWh System, US, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • C&I Building Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 250 kW/500 kWh System, US, High Case: 2020-2029
  • C&I Building Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 250 kW/500 kWh System, US, Low Case: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/10 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/10 MWh System, Low Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/10 MWh System, High Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/20 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/20 MWh System, Low Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/20 MWh System, High Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/80 MWh System, Base Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/80 MWh System, Low Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Utility-Scale Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 20 MW/80 MWh System, High Case, Global Averages: 2020-2029
  • Light Duty Vehicle Battery Pack Price by Vehicle Powertrain, World Markets: 2020-2029
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Bus Battery Pack Price by Vehicle Powertrain, World Markets: 2020-2029
  • Medium and Heavy Duty Truck Battery Pack Price by Vehicle Powertrain, World Markets: 2020-2029
  • Light Duty BEV Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 60 kWh, Global Averages, Base Case: 2020-2029
  • Light Duty BEV Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 60 kWh, Global Averages, Low Case: 2020-2029
  • Light Duty BEV Li-Ion Battery System Pricing, 60 kWh, Global Averages, High Case: 2020-2029
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