2Q 2020

Global Building Stock Database 2Q20

Commercial and Residential Building Floor Space by Country and Building Type: 2019-2029

Commercial, residential, and industrial buildings are responsible for nearly half of all global energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Humans also spend almost 90% of their time indoors, making indoor environments a critical component of health and well-being, productivity, and safety. Quantifying the size of the global building stock can be a fundamental tool for understanding and combating pressing global issues such as energy consumption, GHG emissions, wealth and poverty rates, climate change, and the impact of urbanization on existing local infrastructure. 

This version of the Global Building Stock Database represents the seventh edition of the report. Since the previous edition, construction of new building stock has slowed as economies worldwide shut down to varying degrees in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The forecast projects a relatively swift recovery in 2021 from an initial downturn in 2020. Total building stock is estimated to grow from 102.9 billion m2 in 2020 to 124.7 billion m2 in 2029. 

In this report, Guidehouse Insights provides data on the size and growth of the global building stock from 2019 to 2029, as well as a companion deck with analysis of key drivers and trends. The building stock data covers eight commercial building types (office, retail, education, healthcare, hotels & restaurants, institutional/assembly, warehouse, and transport) and two residential building types (single-family detached and multi-unit residential) for seven regions worldwide. This study is intended to provide a comprehensive picture of the total commercial and residential building stock around the world. Guidehouse Insights has introduced a new interactive dashboard format to the database to enable targeted exploration of the forecast data.



Pages 12
Tables | Charts | Figures 15
  • What is the size of the global building stock today and how quickly will it grow through 2029?
  • How much space is dedicated to commercial end uses such as office, retail, and education?
  • What are the key indicators and trends that dictate the size and composition of the global building stock?
  • Which commercial building types will see the strongest growth over time?
  • Which regions and countries will witness the most growth in the commercial building stock? 
  • How does the composition of residential buildings vary from country to country?
  • How do different living patterns influence the size of the residential building stock in different regions?


  • Lighting and HVAC equipment vendors
  • Green building design and construction firms
  • Management consultancies
  • Energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • International real estate companies
  • Energy sector trade associations and advocacy groups
  • Government agencies, regulators, and policymakers
  • Investor community
  • Instructions
  • Global Building Stock Database 2Q20
  • Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Share of Total Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Top 5 Countries by Total Net New Building Stock, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Share of Total Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Top 5 Countries by Total Net New Building Stock, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Global Building Stock Database 2Q20
  • Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Share of Total Building Stock by Region, World Markets: 2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Net New Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Top 5 Countries by Total Net New Building Stock, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Segment, World Markets: 2019-2030
  • Total Building Stock by Vertical, World Markets: 2019-2030